同學好! 我是林威老師, 每天收聽1單元, 查詢字典,再從網站看原文,聚沙成塔是絕對的真理  !!!

  

文章標題 Book : The Great Stagnation

 

Online Industry Employment Levels

Google—20,000

Facebook—1,700+

eBay—16,400

Twitter—300

You get the picture. Again, these companies generate a greater

amount of employment and revenue indirectly, but still our

major innovations are springing up in sectors where a lot of

work is done by machines, not by human beings.

A recent study found that the iPod—a nearly ubiquitous device-

has created 13,920 jobs in the United States, including

engineering and retail. That's a pretty small number. Again, we

should applaud the iPod for creating so much value with so little

human labor, but again you can see that a lot of our innovation

has a tenuous connection to revenue. Note, by the way, that

digital music has eliminated many jobs in the music industry, as

listeners buy single songs (or obtain the music illegally) rather

than purchasing entire albums. The 13,920 figure doesn't count

those lost jobs at all, and arguably the iPod has had only a very

small net positive impact on job creation.

That is one reason why we have been seeing a “jobless recovery.”

It's also why unemployment is so concentrated among the

relatively unskilled. If you want to get a job in the new and

growing sectors of the economy, or the parts of the old economy

that are regearing, it really helps to be skilled with information

technology. but still those jobs aren't that plentiful. At the same

time that a lot of people are out of work, some of the cutting-

edge companies can't find and hire the people they need. We're

facing a fundamental skills mismatch, and the U.S. labor market

is increasingly divided into a group that can keep up with

technical work and a group that can't.

The gains of the internet are very real and I am here to praise

them, not damn them. Without the internet revolution, most of

us would be much worse off, and hardly anyone would be better

off. Still, the overall picture is this:

- We are having more fun, in part because of the internet. We are also having

more cheap fun.

- We are coming up short on the revenue side, so it is harder to pay our debts,

whether individuals, businesses, or governments. That situation means ongoing

financial hardships, including crises of sovereign debt around the world.

~ Some of the major technological marvels of today's world are not doing so

much to create new jobs. 'They'll bring big gains but without putting too many

people back to work, IT specialists of the right kind excluded.

The internet is wonderful, but it's not saving the revenue-

generating sector of the economy.

製作日期:2012.10.12

創作者介紹
創作者 LinwayET 的頭像
LinwayET

學英文「林威老師」app

LinwayET 發表在 痞客邦 留言(0) 人氣()