同學好! 我是林威老師, 每天收聽1單元, 查詢字典,再從網站看原文,聚沙成塔是絕對的真理 !!!
文章標題 Bloomberg : A Tale of Two Auto Workers
Joe Geiser, 51
Blank and shear operator at GM’s metal fabrication plant in Lordstown, Ohio
◀ When General Motors (GM) announced plans to shut down its plant in Massena, N.Y., in 2008, Joe Geiser pulled up roots and moved to the automaker’s factory in Lordstown, Ohio. “It was hard for me and my wife to leave our families,” he says. “But with the economy in the state it was in, we had limited choices.” Six months later, Geiser was laid off when GM, which posted an annual loss of $30.9 billion for 2008, continued cutting costs. Then Washington stepped in to bail out the industry, eventually investing $50 billion in GM. In June 2009 the company filed for bankruptcy and announced plans to close up to 14 U.S. factories and cut as many as 21,000 jobs.
Slowly, manufacturing picked up. In September 2009, after nine months out of work, Geiser was rehired. “I was getting 40 hours a week at my full rate—$28 an hour,” he says, noting that his United Auto Workers contract guaranteed him pay security. “Ohio would have been in really bad shape had President Obama not rescued the auto industry—not only the auto industry but also all the sub-suppliers that he’s created jobs for.”
Eventually, GM added back its third shift. It also hired new workers, though their “Tier 2” union contracts aren’t as generous as the costly legacy contracts that have made competition with nonunionized automakers difficult for GM. “I feel bad for them,” says Geiser. “It will be a different livelihood than what I’ve been afforded. They’re making $15 an hour, and after four years, they’ll be up to $19.”
[付費可收看/聽更多講解, 歡迎詢問收費方式 linwayET@gmail.com]